CWFT Food Review...

Don't miss the "Top Ten Things To Eat" in New Orleans ... located at the bottom of this page.

Civil War
Field Trip

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New Orleans' CW Secrets

New Orleans' Civil War Secrets... During a CWFT visit to the Cresent City in August of 2012, it became clear that present day New Orleans holds many historic "secret" sites and stories that the average tourist might miss.

Just for fun, let's start with a CWFT Quiz:

*(Look for the answers after the last question)  

  (1) In the Above Photo, a stone Confederate stands
  guard in front of The Tomb of the Army of
  Tennessee (in Metairie Cemetery).  The mounted
  statue in the background pays tribute to CSA Gen-
  eral Joseph E. Johnston, who died in battle at Shiloh.

  (2) In the Photo Below, a New Orleans monument honors
   an almost forgotten Confederate hero.


This scene of Andrew Jackson's monument  in front of St. Louis Cathedral is known worldwide. But what about the inscription on its base:  "The Union Must and Shall Be Preserved"

(5) Pictured in The Photo Below is the magnificant mon-
ument to CSA General P.T. Beauregard.  It stands at the
entrance to New Orleans City Park, at the Northwestern End of famous Eslpanade Street...

                 CWFT Quiz ANSWERS:

(1) The remains of General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard rest in the Tomb of the Army of Tennessee in New Orleans' Metairie Cemetery.  Beauregard was one of the first Confederate heroes of the Civil War... He commanded the Southern forces during the firing on Fort Sumter and at the First Battle of Bull Run and assumed command of the Confederate Army at the Battle of Shiloh, after General Joseph E. Johnston was killed.  He was born in Louisiana and lived in New Orleans after the war...dying there at age 74 in 1893.
Above:  The entrance to the Tomb of the Army of Tennessee, the final resting place of General P.T. Beauregard.
(2) The officer who is honored with a monument is Col. Charles Didier Dreux.  Born in New Orleans
in 1832, he was a descendant of French Royalty.  On July 5, 1861, while leading his Southern soldiers in a battle near New Port News, Va, Dreux was killed... The First Louisiana Confederate Officer to die in the Civil War.
Though not well known, the monument to Col. Dreux is easy to locate in New Orleans.  Just go to the intersection of Canal Street and Jefferson Davis Highway.  Here is the famous monument to CSA President Jefferson Davis... about a hundred yards in front of the Davis Monument (across Canal St) is the smaller monument to Dreux.

(3) On December 6, 1889, Jefferson Davis (the only person to ever hold the offfice of President of the Confederate States of America) died in this Garden Distric house (the home of a close Davis friend).  This historic house is located on the corner of First and Camp.  An informative stone marker was placed near the sidewalk in front of the house in 1930 by the Ladies Confederate Memorial Association. 

Note:  This is an occuppied, PRIVATE residence... Visitors should respect the owners privacy.

(4) Andrew Jackson (Hero of the Battle of New Orleans in 1814 & later the 7th President of the United States) died in 1845, long before the American Civil War began.  Although he was a Southerner it seems unlikely that had he still been alive when Ft. Sumter was fired on, he would have sided with the Confederacy.  As he demonstrated during his own presidency, Jackson was a strong defender of the belief that Federal Law trumped States Rights.

BUT did he actually say: "The Union Must and Shall be Preserved" ?  Well he said something like that: "I feel in the depths of my soul that it is the highest, most sacred and most irreversible part of my obligation to preserve the Union of these States, although it may cost me my life."

So, the answer to Question # 4, would have to be "Yes... sort of"

The quote "The Union Must and Shall Be Preserved" was chiseled into the base of Jackson's statue during the Federal Army's occupation of New Orleans during the Civil War... almost certainly at the
direction of U.S. General Ben Butler.  Would  Andrew Jackson have approved?  Perhaps .... although it is doubtfu
l, as a Southerner, he would have approved of Butler.

(5)  Esplanade is one of the most beautiful old streets in the City of New Orleans.  This tree lined boulevard is anchored at one end by the grand statue of CSA General P.T. Beauregard (at City Park) and at the
other end by The Historic United  States Mint.
The Mint, located next to the Old French Market is a National Historic Landmark and contains one of three Louisiana State Museums within the French Quarter.  When the Federal Navy sailed up the
Mississippi to capture New Orleans, U.S. Marines tore down the Confederate flag that was flying above the Mint, replacing it with the United States flag.  A Southerner named William B. Mumford soon staged an act of resistance by tearing down the Union banner.  U.S. General Ben Butler  decided he would make an "example" of Mumford and ordered his arrest and execution.  On June 7, 1862 Mumford was hanged in front of the U.S. Mint.
The New Orleans U.S. Mint building on Esplanade. 
(All photos on this CWFT page taken Aug. 2012)

Some other (Not So Secret) Civil War Sites in
New Orleans....
The General Robert E. Lee Monument at Lee Circle
(on St. Charles Ave.)

Jefferson Davis Monument at corner of Canal Street and Jefferson Davis Highway
Civil War Museum at Confederate Memorial Hall (Camp Street near Lee Circle)
One of the top Civil War Museums in the nation.  Many battered CSA battle flags are on display here, along with many personal items that once belonged to Jefferson Davis and his family. The Confederate Hall is not only a museum, it is also on the National Register of Historic Places... Jefferson Davis' body lay in state here before his funeral in 1889 and thousands of New Orleans
citizens (many of them Confederate veterans) came to pay their last respects.

CWFT Commentary:  

It is tempting here to discuss all the "What Ifs" about the Union capture and occupation of New Orleans during the Civil War.  What if Jefferson Davis and the Confederate government had dedicated the resources needed to defend the Queen City of the South with the same vigor and determination shown to the defense of Richmond?

What if there had been a major Civil War "Battle of New Orleans"... would the city have suffered the same fate as Atlanta, leaving the famed French Quarter and Garden District in smoldering ruins?  Or, what if Confederate General Richard Taylor had been given the troops and permission to attempt the recapture of New Orleans after defeating General Nathaniel Banks army in the Red River Campaign?

Well, you get the idea... there's a lot of "What Ifs."  Yes New Orleans is a historic city but it is also a "Food
City."  If you are looking for great food at a moderate or even cheap price, it is the best
Food City in America.

So here are CWFT's "Top Ten Things To Eat when you take a Civil War Field Trip to NOLA:

(1)  Gumbo (chicken/andouille) at TheGumbo Shop ... 630 Saint Peters Street.
(2)  Fried Crawfish at the Cafe Pontalba ... on the corner
of Chartres and St. Peter near the Cabildo

(3)  Muffuletta at Central Grocery ... 923 Decatur

(4)  Coffee and Beignets at Cafe Du Monde on Decatur Street (across from Jackson Square)

(5)  Roast Beef Po-Boy at The Irish House ... 1432 Saint Charles Ave.

(6)  Chili Omlette at Camillia Grill ... 626 South Carrolton

(7)  Oyster Po-Boy at Mothers ... 401 Poydras

(8)  Jambalaya at Napoleon House ... 500 Chartres (and wash it down with a Pims Cup)

(9)  Almond Croissants and French Pastries at Croissant Dor ... 617 Ursulines Ave.

(10) Red Beans and Rice at Coop's Place .... 1109 Decatur Street

* Top 10 list compliled by Travis Ayres and Alissa Ayres
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